WHAT IS GREYLISTING? HOW DOES HELP WITH SPAM OR UCE? SPAM that you receive can be forwarded to 'email@example.com'. This file is accessible to all users and the purpose of it is to help identify spammer networks and spam content. WHAT IS GREYLISTING? Greylisting is a passive approach to dealing with spam. It allows the SDF SMTP server to keep track of the SMTP servers that communicate with it by establishing a tuple: IP of the sending server, address of the sender and address of the recipient. When SDF receives a connection from an unknown SMTP server it issues a 451, which basically means "I'm busy, please retry later". This sort of response occurs normally for a multiple of reasons everyday such as: The user is over quota, the file system is full, the load average is too high and so on. A properly configured MTA will follow the SMTP protocol and respect a 451 by using its default retry interval which can be anywhere between 5 minutes to 60 minutes typically. SDF's greylisting is only in effect for 1 minute from the sending server's first attempt. This is well within a reasonable retry period of a properly configured SMTP server. When the previously greylisted server connects back within 20 hours of its first attempt, SDF accepts its connection and allows the email to be delivered. The tuple is then whitelisted for 72 hours. This also takes in account for other SMTP servers on the same or neighbouring networks since greylisting on SDF only matches numbers up to CLASS B/16 (255.255.0.0) and therefore the smaller CIDRs and all host numbers are ignored. This allows greylisting to work with massively large e-mail harvesting farms such as Gmail. Senders with SPF compliant headers are automatically passed without being deferred. There is a simple utility called 'greylist' you can use to see what tuples apply to you. Its important to note that if you do see a tuple in the greylist that you known is legtimate it will always show up in the autowhitelist, for 72 hours, when the sending host retries. Because it is possible that a spam host could resend before they change their IP address, you could receive that spam on a retry. However, it is unlikely that they will retry and therefore you will always receive legitimate email with a very low percentage of that possibly being spam. By default greylisting is enabled for all SDF members. If you would like to disable it, which is not recommended, you may do so by typing 'greylist -t'. You can re-enable it with the same command. MetaARPA members can also use the 'greylist -tw' command to create their own rules to apply to mail delivery specific to their email addresses and their domains. You must have greylisting enabled otherwise there will be no need for a whitelist. This custom whitelist is a flat text file called .wl in the user's home directory with a single email address on each row of the file. The file can only contain email addresses and meta-characters will be stripped and ignored.